- Election date: May 22, 2011

- Rate of turnout: 99.51% (62,010,266)

- Number of elected deputies: 500

- Structure of National Assembly:

+ Full-time deputies: 31.3%

+ Part-time deputies: 68.7%

+ Re-elected deputies: 33.4%

+ Self-nominated deputies: 0.8%

+ Deputies nominated by Party Central Committee: 33.4%

+ Deputies living and working in localities: 66.6%

+ First-timers: 66.6%

+ Party members: 91.6%

+ Non-partisans: 8.4%

+ Post-graduates: 45.8%

+ Graduates: 52.4%

+ Ethnic minority people: 15.6%

+ Women: 24.4%

+ Under-40 deputies: 12.4%

Characteristics and Marks of the term

The 13th NA conducted its activities amid complicated and uncertain developments in the region and the world. In the country, opportunities were interwound with challenges in socio-economic development and the safeguard of national independence and sovereignty. The legislature took on a huge volume of work regarding law-making and execution, together with the Party, entire people, and armed forces helping the country weather difficulties and challenges, while stepping up reform and national construction and development.
* Promulgating 2013 Constitution, perfecting legal documents specifying the Constitution
During the tenure, the NA approved the 2013 Constitution and basically completed amendments, supplements, and promulgation of new laws in line with the Constitution.
The 2013 Constitution was established amid the comprehensive and concerted reform of the economy and politics, meeting the requirements for national construction, defence and global integration. With the 2013 Constitution, the core and basic values of the 1946, 1959, 1980 and 1992 Constitutions were inherited and developed. The Constitution reflected the Party’s will, the people’s heart, the State and social leadership of the Party; and the trust, strong will and aspirations of the absolute majority of the people in the Party, State and regime.
The Constitution upheld human rights, citizens’ basic rights and interests, the people’s subjectivity in exercising rights related to politics, civil affairs, economy, socio-culture, national defence, security and external affairs, while affirming legislative, executive and judicial rights. It set basic principles to reform and perfect the State apparatus and ensure the allocation, coordination and control of State power.
The NA’s outstanding achievement during the 13th tenure was promulgating the 2013 Constitution and basically specifying the Constitution in laws regarding the organisation of the State apparatus, protection of justice, human and citizens’ rights, perfecting the socialist-oriented market economy mechanism, consolidating national defence-security, social safety and order, and ensuring social welfare, environment protection, external relations and global integration.
* Considering, deciding on the country’s important issues
During the tenure, the NA issued a number of important resolutions on socio-economic development, adjusted socio-economic development targets for 2011-2015 many times, and revised them each year to suit the reality. It also assigned specific targets and tasks to legislative, executive and judicial organs to make positive and effective changes in all areas.
The NA also issued a resolution on investment in Long Thanh International Airport, adjusted several measures to effectively continue with the policy of building the Ho Chi Minh Highway, and considered and decided on other important issues.
During the tenure, a number of concerted measures were worked out to promptly respond to situations, ensure the cautious and flexible implementation of monetary and fiscal policies, cut down on unnecessary and inefficient expenses, and many drastic measures taken to ensure national financial security and macro-economic stability, curb inflation, restore economic growth, ensure social welfare, and improve material and spiritual lives. Various decisions contributed to promptly dealing with urgent issues such as planning management, the construction and operation of hydropower plants and water reservoirs, the fight against crime, the budget for shipbuilding for offshore fishing, the protection of sovereignty over sea and islands, the construction of new-style rural areas, poverty reduction, improvements to ethnic minority lives, care for drug users at rehabilitation centres, and salary increases for those on the State payroll who are in need, which were welcomed by voters.
* Conducting focused supervision
Together with law-making and decision-making activities on the country’s important issues, the NA also reformed its supervision activities.
The NA’s Q&A sessions upheld a constructive spirit, democracy, openness and dialogue, a sense of responsibility, and self-criticism by lawmakers questioned. Thematic supervision was strengthened, focusing on key and important life issues. Resolutions and proposals on supervision were basically correct, suited the reality, and were conducted seriously with clear results.
The NA continued to make improvements in supervision activities. Re-supervision was carried out regularly, initially overseeing the implementation of the NA’s Resolutions on Q&A sessions. Accordingly, the subsequent meeting had to report on the outcomes of commitments and measures issued in the previous Q&A. In particular, in the 10th session, the NA conducted “full-term questioning” for heads of the State agencies in terms of the implementation of the NA’s resolutions on thematic supervision and Q&A sessions from the beginning of the tenure. Thus, the NA fully oversaw and monitored the implementation of its resolutions and learned necessary lessons to continue performing its important function.
During the tenure, the NA twice represented people nationwide to exercise its right to supreme supervision over votes of confidence on key leading posts in the State apparatus. The results of votes of confidence prompted those elected or approved by the legislature to continue working hard, refine their virtue, and improve their capacity and working efficiency, thus making marked changes in several sectors.
* NA’s external activities strengthened
As the Chair, Vietnam successfully held the 132nd Inter-Parliamentary Union Assembly with the theme “The Sustainable Development Goals: Turning Words into Actions”. It adopted the Hanoi Declaration, which contributed to promoting parliamentary diplomatic activities, affirming Vietnam’s stature in the international arena and marking the country’s intensive and extensive global integration.
Many bilateral and multilateral diplomatic activities were stepped up, contributing to promoting friendship and all-around cooperation with parliaments and international organisations, developing ties in both breadth and depth, with priority given to important and traditional partners such as Laos, Cambodia, China, Russia, the US, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and the European Parliament, creating an environment conducive to national construction and defence. Progress was made in the popularisation of external activities in both content and form, contributing to pooling support from the international community in protecting sea and island sovereignty and refuting distortions and incitements by reactionary and hostile forces.

Outstanding sessions

* First session in Hanoi from July 21 to August 6, 2011, the NA elected:

- President: Truong Tan Sang

- Vice President: Nguyen Thi Doan

- NA Standing Committee comprising 18 members

- NA Chairman: Nguyen Sinh Hung

- Prime Minister: Nguyen Tan Dung

- Chief Justice of the Supreme People’s Court: Truong Hoa Binh

- Procurator General of the Supreme People’s Procuracy: Nguyen Hoa Binh

- Council of Ethnic Affairs and committees of the NA: Committees on legal affairs; judicial affairs; economic affairs; finance-budget; national defence and security; culture, education, youth, adolescents, children; social affairs; science-technology and environment; and external affairs

- Secretariat: 13 members led by Nguyen Hanh Phuc

- Organs under NA Standing Committee: Committee on Deputies Work, Ombudsman Committee, Research Institute on Legislation

* Sixth session from October 21 to November 29, 2013: the NA passed the 2013 Constitution

* Ninth session from May 20 to June 26, 2015: The NA approved a Resolution on investment in Long Thanh International Airport.

* 11th session from March 21 to April 12, 2016, the NA elected:

+ NA Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan

+ President Tran Dai Quang

+ Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc

The 13th NA lasted five years (2011-2016) with 11 sessions.

Laws passed by the 13th National Assembly

  • November 11, 2011 :
    + Law on Archives
    + Law on Complaints
    + Law on Denunciations
    + Law on Measurement
  • November 26, 2011 :
    Law on Cryptography
  • June 18, 2012 :
    + Law on Deposit Insurance
    + Law on Money Laundering Prevention and Control + Law on Tertiary Education
    + Law on Prevention and Control of Tobacco Harm
    + Labour Code
  • June 20, 2012 :
    + Law on Pricing
    + Law on Trade Unions
    + Law on Judicial Expertise
    + Law on Law Popularisation, Education
    + Law on Handling of Administrative Violations
  • June 21, 2012 :
    + Law on Advertising
    + Law on Water Resources
    + Law on the Seas of Vietnam
  • November 20, 2012 :
    + Publishing Law
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Lawyers
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Tax Management
    + Law on National Reserves
    + Law on Cooperatives
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Electricity Law
  • November 21, 2012 :
    Law on Capital
  • November 22, 2012 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Individual Income Tax
  • November 23, 2012 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Corruption Prevention and Control
  • June 12, 2013 :
    Law on Anti-terrorism
  • June 18, 2013 :
    Law on Science and Technology
  • June 19, 2013 :
    + Law on National Defence and Security Education + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Added Value Tax
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Corporate Income Tax
    + Law on Disaster Prevention and Control
  • June 20, 2013 :
    + Law on Grassroots Conciliation
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Residency
    + Law on amendments and supplements to Article 170 of the Corporate Law
  • November 16, 2013 :
    + Law on Employment
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Emulation and Commendation
  • November 22, 2013 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Fire Prevention and Fighting
  • November 25, 2013 :
    + Law on Plant Protection and Quarantine + Law on Citizen Reception
    + Law on Bidding
    + Law on Thrift Practice and Waste Combat
    + Land Law
    + Constitution
  • June 13, 2014 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Health Insurance
  • June 16, 2014 :
    Law on Entry, Exit, Transit and Residence of Foreigners in Vietnam
  • June 17, 2014 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Inland Waterway Transport
  • June 18, 2014 :
    + Law on Public Investment
    + Law on Construction
  • June 19, 2014 :
    + Law on Bankruptcy
    + Law on Marriage and Family
  • June 20, 2014 :
    Law on Notary
  • June 23, 2014 :
    + Law on Customs
    + Law on Environmental Protection
  • June 24, 2014 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Vietnamese Nationality
  • November 20, 2014 :
    + Law on Organisation of the National Assembly
    + Law on Social Insurance
    + Law on Citizen Identification
    + Law on Civil Status
  • November 21, 2014 :
    Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Civil Aviation of Vietnam
  • November 24, 2014 :
    + Law on Organisation of People’s Courts + Law on Organisation of People’s Procuracy
  • November 25, 2014 :
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Enforcement of Civil Judgments
    + Law on Housing
    + Law on Real Estate Trading
  • November 26, 2014 :
    + Investment Law
    + Enterprise Law
    + Law on Management and Use of State Capital Invested in Production and Business at Enterprises
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Special Consumption Tax
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles in taxation laws.
  • November 27, 2014 :
    + Law on amendments and supplements to several articles of the Law on Vietnam People’s Army Officers
    + Law on People’s Public Security Forces
    + Law on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Law on Vocational Training
  • June 9, 2015 :
    Law on Vietnam Fatherland Front
  • June 19, 2015 :
    + Law on Organisation of the Government + Law on Organisation of Local Administrations
    + Law on Military Obligation
    + Law on Veterinary Medicine
  • June 22, 2015 :
    Law on the Issuance of Legal Documents
  • June 24, 2015 :
    Law on State Audit
  • June 25, 2015 :
    + Law on Marine and Island Resources and Environment
    + Law on State Budget
    + Law on Labour Safety, Hygiene
    + Law on Election of National Assembly and People’s Council Deputies
  • November 19, 2015 :
    Law on Cyber Information Safety
  • November 20, 2015 :
    + Law on Supervisory Activities of the National Assembly and People’s Councils
    + Law on Accounting
  • November 23, 2015 :
    + Law on Statistics
    + Law on Hydrometeorology
  • November 24, 2015 :
    + Civil Code
  • November 25, 2015 :
    + Code of Civil Procedures
    + Law on Administrative Procedures
    + Law on Enforcement of Custody and Temporary Detention
    + Maritime Code
    + Law on Referendums
    + Law on Fees and Charges
  • November 26, 2015 :
    + Law on Professional Military Personnel, National Defence Workers and Officials
    + Law on Organisation of Criminal Investigation Agency
  • November 27, 2015 :
    + Criminal Code
    + Code of Criminal Procedure
  • March 22, 2012 :
    Ordinance on the merger of legal documents
  • March 28, 2012 :
    Ordinance on cost and price evaluation, expenses for witnesses and interpreters in proceedings
  • April 16, 2012 :
    Ordinance on codifying legal system
  • July 16, 2012 :
    Ordinance on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Ordinance on incentives for ex-revolutionaries
  • October 20, 2012 :
    Ordinance on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Ordinance on the State distinction “Heroic Vietnamese Mother”
  • March 18, 2013 :
    Ordinance on amendments, supplements to several articles of the Ordinance on Foreign Exchange
  • July 12, 2013 :
    Ordinance on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Ordinance on the Use and Management of Weapons, Explosives and Support Tools
  • December 23, 2013 :
    Ordinance on mobile police
  • January 20, 2014 :
    Ordinance on the order, procedures, and decisions on application of administrative measures at People’s Courts.
  • December 23, 2014 :
    Ordinance on Environment Police