- Election date: May 19, 2002

- Voting rate: 99.73% (49,768,515 voters)

- Number of elected deputies: 498

- Structure of National Assembly:

+ In businesses: 5.02%

+ Farmers: 1.20%

+ In armed forces: 11.04%

+ Workers: 0.40%

+ Self-nominated deputies: 0.40%

+ Full-time deputies: 23.69%

+ Party members: 89.75%

+ Non-partisans: 10.25%

+ Ethnic minority people: 17.26%

+ Women: 27.30%

+ Religious followers: 1.40%

Characteristics and Marks of the term

The 11th National Assembly was of the period of the continuation of national industrialisation and modernisation.
The 11th National Assembly constantly improved its functions and tasks: the legislative work posted great progress in both quantity and quality; the supervision work was focused, with many innovations in content and form; and the NA’s decision-making on important issues of the country was increasingly practical. The NA’s external relations activities continued to be expanded and strengthened, significantly contributing to the country’s renewal process.
Law-making activities
During the tenure, the National Assembly considered and approved 84 laws and law codes and 15 resolutions. The NA Standing Committee considered and passed 31 ordinances.
Law projects were prepared more carefully in a more specific direction, following the requirements of all aspects of the country’s renewal process, fully handling certain sensitive issues and reflecting social realities more accurately.
Issues specified in laws and law codes basically covered all fields of the social life, from economy, culture, education, science, technology, defence, security, and external relations, to State apparatus organisation, anti-corruption, thrift practice, and wastefulness fight.
In particular, the 11th National Assembly spent a lot of time and efforts on amending, supplementing, or enacting new economic laws relating to businesses, investment, banking, credit, commerce, real estate trading, and tax policy reform, ensuring compliance with the country’s development conditions and goals in the period of accelerating industrialisation, modernisation, and international economic integration.
Many law codes regulating procedures were amended or promulgated, including the Civil Procedure Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure.
The National Assembly also made adjustments to laws on new areas such as competition, intellectual property, securities, and technology transfer.
Supervision content focused on pressing issues reflected by the public and concerned individuals, such as extensive investment and losses in capital construction investment; land use planning schemes; the implementation of important national projects like the Dung Quat Oil Refinery and a programme on planting 5 million hectares of new forests; education; health care; the fight against corruption and wastefulness; the settlement of complaints and denunciations; and the promulgation of legal documents.
Methods employed in the supervision activities saw certain improvements towards enhancing supreme supervision; reviewing Government reports in combination with real-life monitoring works in localities; and performing both regular and thematic supervision. The National Assembly’s supervision at sessions over a number of in-depth contents and renewing its Q&A sessions in combination with hearing thematic supervision reports contributed to boosting the effectiveness of supreme supervision, winning applause from voters.
In reports on the implementation of the National Assembly’s resolutions on annual tasks, the Government affirmed that the achievements obtained saw an important contribution from the results of the National Assembly’s supervision activities. The impact of these activities also made a significant change in the organisation and operation of judicial agencies.
The 11th National Assembly considered and decided on myriad key issues, from those in the State apparatus and high-ranking personnel under its jurisdiction; tasks and plans for socio-economic development and State budget to investment policies for projects of national importance; as well as the ratification of agreements between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and a number of countries and of the Protocol on Vietnam’s Accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
In addition, by approving the Law on State Budget (revised) and the Law on State Audit, the National Assembly established a mechanism to ensure the improved effectiveness of supervision work and decisions on important financial and budget matters.
Outstanding results of work regarding bilateral relations included strengthened and developed relationships with neighboring countries, ASEAN member states, and Northeast Asian countries, creating a favourable international environment for the national construction and defence; strengthening and developing both intensively and extensively relations with the US and the European Parliament and the parliaments of many countries in the European Union; developing relations with the parliaments of countries in Africa, Central America, and South America; and consolidating and gradually promoting traditional relations with Central and Eastern European countries.
Regarding multilateral relations, a member of many inter-parliamentary organisations, the National Assembly not only made active contributions to these forums’ activities but also proactively proposed constructive initiatives and recommendations to promote effective cooperation.
The legislature successfully hosted many important conferences in Vietnam, such as the 23rd ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Organisation (AIPO) General Assembly; the 3rd Asia-Europe Parliamentary Partnership Meeting (ASEP-3); the meeting of the Executive Board of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Francophone (APF); and the 13th Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum (APPF-13). Such achievements marked a great growth of Vietnamese parliamentary diplomacy, making a practical contribution to the regional and international integration.
In addition, through parliamentary diplomatic channels, the National Assembly directly participated in dialogue on many complex and sensitive issues related to democracy, human rights, ethnicity, and religion, helping international friends understand Vietnam’s righteous stituation and stance. External relations activities also served the economic development by actively concluding negotiations for bilateral cooperation with foreign partners, and completing multilateral negotiations for Vietnam to join the WTO. They also contributed to the building and completion of a favourable environment for Vietnam’s foreign economic activities and international economic integration.

Outstanding sessions

* First session from July 19 - August 12, 2002, the National Assembly elected:

- State President: Tran Duc Luong

- Vice State President: Truong Thi My Hoa

- NA Standing Committee: 13 members

- NA Chairman: Nguyen Van An

- Prime Minister: Phan Van Khai

- Chief Justice of the Supreme People’s Court: Nguyen Van Hien

- Procurator General of the Supreme People’s Procuracy: Ha Manh Tri

- Council for Ethnic Affairs and Committees of the National Assembly: Committee on Legal Affairs; Committee on Economy and Budget; Committee for Defence and Security; Committee for Culture, Education, Youth, Adolescents and Children; Committee for Social Affairs; Committee for Science, Technology and Environment; Committee for External Affairs.

- National Assembly Secretariat: 11 members, headed by Bui Ngoc Thanh

- On March 17, 2003, the NA Standing Committee issued a Resolution to establish three agencies: the Committee on Legislature, the Committee for Deputy Affairs, and the Committee for People’s Aspirations, under the NA Standing Committee.

* 9th session from May 16 to June 29, 2006, the National Assembly elected:

- NA Chairman: Nguyen Phu Trong

- State President: Nguyen Minh Triet

- Prime Minister: Nguyen Tan Dung

- State Auditor General: Vuong Dinh Hue

* 10th session from October 17 - November 29, 2006, the National Assembly ratified Vietnam’s membership of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

* 11th session - Final session of the 11th National Assembly from March 20 - April 2, 2007

The National Assembly considered, discussed and approved the Law on amending and supplementing a number of Articles in the Law on the Organisation of the National Assembly in order to create the conditions for the 12th National Assembly to continue renovating its organisation and improving the quality and efficiency of its operation.

Accordingly, the National Assembly agreed on the establishment of the Committee on Laws and the Committee of Justice of the National Assembly on the basis of the Committee of Legal Affairs; and the Committee on Economy and the Committee on Finance of the National Assembly on the basis of the Committee on Economy and Budget.

The 11th National Assembly lasted from 2002 to 2007, with 11 sessions.

Laws passed by the 11th National Assembly

  • January 1, 2003 :
    Ordinance on Amendments to Articles 22 and 23 of the Ordinance on Preferential Treatment for those who were engaged in revolutionary activities, martyrs and their next of kin, wounded and diseased soldiers, resistance war activists, and people assisting the revolution
  • May 1, 2003 :
    Ordinance on Population
  • June 1, 2003 :
    Ordinance on Private Medical and Pharmaceutical Practice
  • November 1, 2003 :
    Ordinance on Food Safety
  • September 1, 2004 :
    Ordinance on National Reserves
  • October 1, 2004 :
    Ordinance on Veterinary Medicine
  • January 1, 2005 :
    Ordinance on Militia and Self-Defence Forces
  • October 1 :
    Ordinance on Anti-dumping of Imports into Vietnam
  • November 15, 2004 :
    Ordinance on Beliefs, Religions
  • January 1, 2005 :
    Ordinance on Measures against Subsidised Imports into Vietnam
  • August 30, 2004 :
    Ordinance on Organisation of Criminal Investigation Bodies
  • January 1, 2005 :
    Ordinance on Judicial Expertise
  • January 1, 2006 :
    Ordinance on War Veterans
  • January 1, 2007 :
    Ordinance on amendments to Article 9 of the Ordinance on Organisation of Criminal Investigation Bodies
  • March 21, 2007 :
    Ordinance on amendments and supplements to certain articles of the Ordinance on Handling Administrative Cases
  • April 18, 2007 :
    Ordinance on Protection of Objects of Importance to Ensure National Security
  • International accords, treaties and conventions ratified :
  • June 24, 2004 :
    Issuing Resolution No 28/2004/QH11 on the ratification of the “Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the People’s Republic of China on the Delimitation of the Territorial Sea, the Exclusive Economic Zone, and the Continental Shelf in the Gulf of Tonkin”
  • November 29, 2006 :
    Issuing Resolution No 71/2006/NQ-QH11 on the ratification of the Protocol on Joining the WTO Establishment Agreement of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • November 29, 2005 :
    Approving Resolution No 52/2005/QH11 on the ratification of the “Supplementary Treaty to the Treaty between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Kingdom of Cambodia on the Delimitation of the National Boundary in 1985”.