Lawmakers at the meeting (Photo: VNA)
Hanoi (VNA) – Lawmakers adopted Resolution on
economic restructuring plan for the 2021-2025 period with 460 out of 465
approval votes during the ongoing second session of the 15th legislature in Hanoi on November 12.
The Resolution comprises five articles, including seven key target
groups till 2025.
In the first group, the average labour output will increase by
6.5 percent annually while the total factor productivity will reach about 45
percent of the gross domestic product (GDP). The national competitiveness gap
among ASEAN-4 countries will be narrowed, especially in terms of institutions,
infrastructure and human resources.
In the second group, the State budget deficit will make up about
3.7 percent of the GDP on average. At least 10 percent of public non-buisness units will be reduced compared to 2021 while at least 20 percent of units will
become financially autonomous.
In the third group, the total social investment capital will
reach about 32-34 percent of the GDP. On-balance sheet bad debts of the whole system of credit institutions will
be kept below 3 percent, towards gradually developing a professional debt
market. All banks must meet Basel II standards.
In the fourth group, the total capitalisation of stock market
will reach at least 85 percent of the GDP. The total outstanding debts of bond
and corporate bond markets will account for at least 47 percent and nearly 20
percent of the GDP, respectively. The expenditure on science and technology
will be no more than 1 percent of the GDP. The number of enterprises with
technological innovation will rise by 15 percent annually on average.
There will be about 1.5 million enterprises, 60,000 – 70,000 of
which will be on medium and large-scale in the fifth target group. The private sector’s
contribution to the GDP will be around 55 percent while at least 5-10 national
products will build their own international trademarks.
In the sixth group, the digital economy will account for 20
percent of the GDP. The ratio of digital economy in each sector will reach at
least 10 percent.
By 2025, over 3,000 out of roughly 35,000 cooperatives will
adopt technological advances in farm produce production and consumption. Some
35 percent of farming cooperatives will partner with firms in value chains.
At the meeting (Photo: VNA)
The Resolution also outlines five key tasks for economic
restructuring, including restructuring public investment, State budget, the system of credit organisations
and public non-business units; developing various kinds of markets and
improving the efficiency of resource allocation and use; developing enteprises,
collective economy and cooperatives; developing urban economy and strengthening
regional connectivity as well as upholding the role of key economic zones and major urban areas; restructuring sectors to achieve a green and sustainable economy.
The Government was also assigned to build an action programme
before April 2022 to realise the Resolution, as well as submit annual, mid-term
and end-term reports on the implementation of the Resolution to the